Prepositions

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Prepositions

Przyimki w języku angielsku - przykłady użycia:

The red ball is on top of the cube.

The red ball is inside the box.

The book is on the desk

przyimki w angielskim

 

Dodatkowe przykłady:


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Prepositions –

Prepositions – Time

English Usage Example
    on
    days of the week
    on Monday
    in
    months / seasonstime of dayyearafter a certain period of time (when?)
    in August / in winterin the morningin 2006in an hour
    at
    for nightfor weekenda certain point of time (when?)
    at nightat the weekendat half past nine
    since
    from a certain point of time (past till now)
    since 1980
    for
    over a certain period of time (past till now)
    for 2 years
    ago
    a certain time in the past
    2 years ago
    before
    earlier than a certain point of time
    before 2004
    to
    telling the time
    ten to six (5:50)
    past
    telling the time
    ten past six (6:10)
    to / till / until
    marking the beginning and end of a period of time
    from Monday to/till Friday
    till / until
    in the sense of how long something is going to last
    He is on holiday until Friday.
    by
    in the sense of at the latestup to a certain time
    I will be back by 6 o’clock.By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.

Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)

English Usage Example
    in
    room, building, street, town, countrybook, paper etc.car, taxipicture, world
    in the kitchen, in Londonin the bookin the car, in a taxiin the picture, in the world
    at
    meaning next to, by an objectfor tablefor eventsplace where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
    at the door, at the stationat the tableat a concert, at the partyat the cinema, at school, at work
    on
    attachedfor a place with a riverbeing on a surfacefor a certain side (left, right)for a floor in a housefor public transportfor television, radio
    the picture on the wallLondon lies on the Thames.on the tableon the lefton the first flooron the bus, on a planeon TV, on the radio
    by, next to, beside
    left or right of somebody or something
    Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
    under
    on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else
    the bag is under the table
    below
    lower than something else but above ground
    the fish are below the surface
    over
    covered by something elsemeaning more thangetting to the other side (also across)overcoming an obstacle
    put a jacket over your shirtover 16 years of agewalk over the bridgeclimb over the wall
    above
    higher than something else, but not directly over it
    a path above the lake
    across
    getting to the other side (also over)getting to the other side
    walk across the bridgeswim across the lake
    through
    something with limits on top, bottom and the sides
    drive through the tunnel
    to
    movement to person or buildingmovement to a place or countryfor bed
    go to the cinemago to London / Irelandgo to bed
    into
    enter a room / a building
    go into the kitchen / the house
    towards
    movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)
    go 5 steps towards the house
    onto
    movement to the top of something
    jump onto the table
    from
    in the sense of where from
    a flower from the garden

Other important Prepositions

English Usage Example
    from
    who gave it
    a present from Jane
    of
    who/what does it belong towhat does it show
    a page of the bookthe picture of a palace
    by
    who made it
    a book by Mark Twain
    on
    walking or riding on horsebackentering a public transport vehicle
    on foot, on horsebackget on the bus
    in
    entering a car  / Taxi
    get in the car
    off
    leaving a public transport vehicle
    get off the train
    out of
    leaving a car  / Taxi
    get out of the taxi
    by
    rise or fall of somethingtravelling (other than walking or horseriding)
    prices have risen by 10 percentby car, by bus
    at
    for age
    she learned Russian at 45
    about
    for topics, meaning what about
    we were talking about you