Phrasal Verbs - B


Phrasal verbs - B

phrasal verb

meaning

polish meaning

example sentence

back down
  no object
 
withdraw your position or proposal in an argument zrezygnować, wycofać się "Steward was going to call the police when I told him I'd wrecked his car, but he backed down when I said I'd pay for the damages."
 
back off
  no object
 
retread zrezygnować, wycofać się "The police told the protesters to back off."
 
back up
  no object

 

move backward; move in reverse. cofnąć się "The people waiting in line are too close to the door. We won't be able to open it unless they back up."
back up
  separable

 

drive a vehicle backwards (in reverse) cofnąć "You're too close! Back your car up so I can open the garage door."
 
back up
  separable

 

confirm a story, facts, or information. potwierdzić, poprzeć "If you don't believe me, talk to Dave. He'll back me up."
 

back up
  separable
 
 
 

make a copy of computer data zrobić kopię bezpieczeństwa "When my computer crashed, I lost many of my files. Fortunately I had them backed up."
 
bang about

 
 

move in a place making a lot of noise xxx "He's banging about in the kitchen."
 

bang on about

  inseparable

keep talking about something xxx "Tom is always banging about football."

bang up

  separable

 

put someone in prison xxx "The judge banged him up for eight years."

beef up

  separable

 

make something stronger or more solid xxx "The company beefed up their case when they saw that the public wouldn't accept their first explanation of the accident."
beg off
  no object
 
decline an invitation; ask to be excused from doing something. odwołać "At first Lily said she would be at the party. Later she begged off."
 
blow up
  separable

 

inflate. nadmuchać "We needs lots of balloons for the party. Will you blow them up?"
 
blow up
  separable

 

explode; destroy by exploding. wysadzić w powietrze "That old building really came down quickly because the construction company used dynamite to blow it up."
 
blow up
  no object

 

suddenly become very angry. wkurzyć się "Whe I told Kate that I'd had an accident with her car, she blew up."
bone up on
  inseparable

 

review / study thoroughly for a short time. powtórzyć sobie materiał "If you're going to travel to France, you'd better bone up on your French."
 
break down
  separable

 

separate something into component parts. podzielić (na kategorie) "We spent a lot of money at the supermarket. When we broke the total cost down, we spent more on cleaning supplies than food."
 
break down
  no object

 

stop working / functioning. zepsuć się "Sharon will be late for work today. Her car broke down on the freeway."
 
break in
  often no object

 

enter by using force (and breaking a lock, window, etc.) włamać się "Jane's apartment was burglarized last night. Someone broke in while Jane was at the movies."
 
break in
  separable

 

wear something new until it's / they're comfortable. rozchodzić "These are nice shoes, but they're too stiff. I hope it doesn't take too long to break them in."
 
break in
  separable

 

train; get someone / something accustomed toa new routine. zaaklimatyzować się "I hope I can learn my new job quickly. The manager hasn't scheduled much time for breaking me in."
 
break into
  inseparable

 

enter by using force (and breaking a lock, window, etc.) włamać się "Somebody broke into Jane's apartment while she was at the movies.
 
break out
  separable

 

escape. uciec "The prisoners have broken out this morning. "
 
break up
  no object

 

disperse; scatter. zakończyć się "What time did the party break up last night?"
 
break up
  usually no object

 

end a personal relationship. zerwać "Tim and Julie aren't going steady any more. They got really angry with each other and broke up."
break up with
  inseparable

 

end a personal relationship. zerwać z "Have you heard the news? Julie broke up with Tim!"
 
bring back
  separable

 

return something. oddać, zwrócić "Yes, you can borrow my pen, don't forget to bring it back to me when you're finished." "This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the library."
 
bring off
  separable

 

accomplish something difficult; accomplish something people had considered impossible or unlikely. zdobyć, udać się "No one thought Chuck could get an A in that course, but he brought it off. "
 
bring up
  separable

 

mention (as a topic of discussion). wspomnieć, przypomnieć "We planned to discuss overtime pay in the meeting. Why didn't someone bring that topic up?"
 
bring up
  separable

 

raise; rear. wychować "Lucy's parents died when she was a baby. Her grandparents brought her up."
 
brush up on
  inseparable

 

review / study thoroughly for a short time. powtórzyć sobie materiał "If you're going to travel to Peru, you'd better brush up on your Spanish."
 
burn down
  no object

 

become destroyed / consumed by fire. spalić się, zniszczyć przez pożar Note: For upright things--trees, buildings, etc.--only. "Lightning struck Mr. Kennedy's barn last night. It burned down before the fire fighters arrived."
 
burn up
  no object

 

become destroyed / consumed by fire. spalić się, zniszczyć przez pożar Note: For people and non-upright things only. "All of Mr. Kennedy's hay burned up when his barn burned down."

burn up
  separable

 

cause someone to become very angry. wkurzyć się "Did you hear how rudely Fred talked to me? That really burned me up!"
 
butt in
  no object

 

impolitely interrupt (a conversation, an action). przeszkadzać "Hey, you! Don't butt in! Wait for your turn!"
butter up
  separable

 

praise someone excessively with the hope of getting some benefit. podlizywać się "I guess Marty reall wants to be promoted. He's been buttering his boss up all week."
 
be about to
  inseparable

 

be on the point of mieć zamiar He was about to leave whrn the phone rang.
 
be after
  inseparable
try to find or get ścigać, gonić The police were after the thief.
 
be down with

 

be ill with być chorym Gul is down with some bug and is off work today.
 
be fed up with

 

be bored, upset or sick of something mieć czegoś dosyć I am fed up with my boss. I hate him.
 
be for

 

be in favour of `być za`, zgadzać się They are for the proposal to build a leisure centre,
 
be in for

 

expect sth. usually bad spodziewać się, oczekiwać We are in for bad weather.
 
be off
  intransitive
 
be bad (of food) być zepsutym (o jedzeniu) This yoghurt must be off; it smells foul.
 
be on
  intransitive
 
switched on, be functioning włączony The computer is on.
 
be out

 

be unfashionable być niemodnym, wyjść z mody Long skirts are out this season.
 
be out

 

(of light/fire) have stopped burning. zgasnąć (ogień) The fire is out - that's whhy it's cold in here.
be over

 

have come to an end zakończyć się The film starts al 6.00 snd will be over at 10.OO. '
 
be through

 

have ended a relationship/job etc zerwać, odejść (z pracy, od kogoś) I'm through with Tom. He's so selfish.
 
be up to

 

be capable of być w stanie (coś zrobić) Let's take the train- I don't think I'm up to driving so far.

be up to

 

feel like doing sth usually sth wrong mieć ochote zrobić coś złego The children must be up to something - they're very quiet