Przyimki miejsca


przyimki po angielsku

Przyimki miejsca

above - ponad

There is a lamp above the table

across - przez (przestrzeń otwarta)

I saw a boy walking across the street

against - o

The boy hit the ball against the wall

along - wzdłuż

They are running along the street

among - wśród

My house is standing among trees.

at - na

Kate is waiting at the bus stop

at - w

She is at school

behind - za

My garage is behind the house

below - pod

The cat is sitting below the table

beside - obok

We have a big garden beside the house

between - między

There is a sofa between the window and the wardrobe

beyond - za

She lives beyond the station

by - obok

I want a table by the window

down - w dół

She is walking down the street

from - z

She comes from London

in - w

She lives in a beautiful house

in front of - przed

There is a car park in front of the cinema

inside - w środku

The cat is inside the box

into - do

The cat jumped into the basket

near - w pobliżu

I live near the church

on - na

There is a glass on the table

out of - z

She jumped out of the window

outside - na zewnątrz

Wait outside the shop, please

over - nad

Can you see the bird over the bridge

round - dookoła

They are running round the lake

through - przez (przestrzeń zamknięta)

You must go through the corridor

to - do

I go to London tomorrow.

towards - w kierunku

Kate went towards this building

under - pod

You must check under the sofa

up - w górę

He climbed up the ladder.

Dla bardziej zaawansowanych:

Usage: At, on, in:

At, on and in are prepositions of place and show the position of people, places and things:

e.g. at the cinema on the wall in the shop

Structure: At:

at + the + place: the cinema, theatre, school, cross roads etc.. e.g. at the bank.

at + specific place: Heathrow Airport, Buckingham Palace: e.g. at Notre Dame Cathedral.

at + specific address including the house number/name: e.g. at 33 rue de La Fayette, Paris.

N.B. In English, at is not normally used with names of villages, towns and cities.

 

Structure: On:

on + a/the + surface of a place or object: shelf, wall, floor, ceiling etc.. e.g. on the table.

on + the directions: left/right/other side/nearside/far side: e.g. on the left.

on + levels of a building: first floor, second floor, top floor etc.. e.g. on the ground floor.

on + the + parts of a ship: port side/ starboard side/bow/stern.

on + parts of the body: his foot, her leg, our heads etc.. e.g. on his left arm.

on + a/the + types of transport: horse, bicycle, train, foot etc.. e.g. on the ferry, on a horse.

N.B. English people say in a car ( not on a car ).

 

Structure: In:

In + names of countries: France, England, Poland etc.. e.g. in Belgium.

in + names of towns, villages, cities: Warsaw, London etc.. e.g. in Brussels.

in + named places: Buckingham Palace, the Louvre etc.. e.g. in Windsor Castle.

in + the + geographical regions: Auvergne, Lake District etc.. e.g. in the Alps.

in + streets, roads, avenues: Moniuszki, Fish Street etc.. e.g. in Stratford Avenue.

in + the + rooms and places: kitchen, bedroom, foyer, auditorium etc.. e.g. in the bathroom.

in + the + weather: sun, rain, hail, snow etc.. e.g. in the fog.

in + parts of the body: his foot, her leg, our heads etc.. e.g. in his foot.

in + a/the + types of transport: car, train, van, lorry, aeroplane, ship e.g. in a train.

 

Prepositions: Exceptions:

A: In English, certain expressions are different, so must be learnt!

  • at the moment on holiday in a loud/angry/quiet/low voice
  • at this/that moment on the radio in a good/bad mood
  • at the same time on television in a bad temper
  • at no time on the menu in a suit
  • at present on the agenda in a new dress
  • at the end/beginning in clean/dirty/new shoes

B: Some expressions are used without a/the, here are some common examples:

  • at school in bed
  • at home in business
  • at school in hospital
  • at school in prison
  • at work
  • at university
  • at 37 k.p.h.

C: Both on and in can be used for types of transport and parts of the body:

On is used when the part of the body/type of transport is the most important detail.

In is used when position is the most important piece of information.

e.g. Peter travelled to London on the train. - type

 

John sat in the last carriage of the London train. - position

Joanna has a cut on her left arm. - part of the body

Ania has broken a bone in her wrist. - position in the body

D: At and in can be used with places which can contain large numbers of people: cinema, theatre, church, stadium etc..

At is used when the activity is the most important piece of information.

In is used when the place/position is the most important detail.

e.g. I will meet you for a meal at the usual restaurant.

Richard and Magda met in the foyer of the Royal Theatre.

E: Both at and to can be used with places:

At is used when there is no active movement in the phrase/sentence.

To is used when there is movement in the phrase/sentence

e.g. At school, there are forty teachers and four hundred pupils. - no movement

 

Marcin is cycling to London to visit his friends. - movement

F: Both at and to can follow certain verbs: the meaning of the verb is different in each case: to throw, run, shout.

e.g. Bill threw a stone to me. ( a friendly action )

Bill threw a stone at me. ( a hostile action: intending to hurt someone )

Maria ran to me. ( a friendly action )

Maria ran at me ( a hostile action: intending to attack )

Eric shouted to me. ( a friendly action )

Eric shouted at me ( a hostile action: intending to express anger )

 

G: The preposition by is often used with transport when the type of transport is very important: the common examples are: by aeroplane, bicycle, horse, car, ferry, horse, lorry, ship, train

e.g. The businessmen travelled to Africa by aeroplane and in Africa, they travelled by car.

N.B. Walking is travel on foot ( not by foot )


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